Motivation for pre-planning
Despite of all preventive measures, unfortuantely accidents do happen cannot be prevented entirely. However, we can agree that damage should be kept to an absolute minimum and casualties should be prevented. To ensure that, each city or county must have functioning fire and rescue services.
Fire and Rescue Services as a local task
Pre-planning (also known as Integrated Risk Management Planning) sets standards for a fire departments’s performance in cities and counties. Pre-planning assesses the local fire department’s performance. Thus, it determines goals to keep the people safe.
A pre-plan defines the necessary security standard as determined by law and desired by the population. Thus, the local fire department receives requirements for fire protection. So called protection goals, which make sure, that the fire department is able to save lives at any time.
Risk analysis and protection goals
The security level is determined locally according to a risk analysis and so called protection goals. The county maps the local risk potential and assigns set scenarios to the corresponding hazards. Each planning scenario consist of:
- Emergency response: How fast do fire and rescue services have to arrive at the location in order to act efficiently?
- Functional strength: How much personnel does the fire department require on arrival to combat the scenario effectively?
- Technology: Which firefighting equipment (e.g. constructional fire protection, fire engines, technology, specific devices) are required to master the planning scenario?
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Desired condition of local fire protection
The desired condition of pre-planning can now be derived from the assigned planning scenarios. Finally, only simultaneous damage events have to be assessed stochastically.
An example: Let’s assume the local fire department has reason to believe that, in a planning scenario for the local motorway, an efficient damage control can only be achieved by using at least 4000 liters of extinguishing water within the first 5 minutes after fire emergence. Thus, a possible solution could be to station a water tender vehicle near the motorway (reduced drive time). Similar thoughts can be made to plan functional strength. The possible simultaneousness of deployments (e.g. in larger cities) may require several vehicles and a larger functional strength.
Actual state of fire protection
The actual state for the fire department or fire prevention is usually derived from the current number of deployments and their development, the personnel (management and team) as well as technology (fire engines, constructional fire protection, devices)
Nevertheless, such an analysis on a local level consists of the total of firefighting (of the FRS) as well as measures for fire prevention.
Fire prevention here is based on the cooperation of administration (such as building authorities) and the fire department involved in building licenses. Fire prevention relies on given legislation.
In addition, throughout recent years expectations towards citizens, to contribute to their own safety, are on the rise. For example, the ability to operate fire extinguishers.
Based on the risk analysis and the comparison between desired condition and actual state, organizational, personnel and technological measurements for the local fire department’s progress can be derived.