Motivation for Integrated Risk Management Planning
In Germany an average of one person dies each day, because of fire. Due to traffic accidents about 9 people die each day (Source: Tagesmittel, stat. Bundesamt, Jahr 2016). Despite of all preventive measures, damage events and accidents cannot be prevented entirely. However, most the population agrees that damage should be kept to an absolute minimum and casualties should be prevented. To ensure that, each city or county must have functioning fire and rescue services.
Fire and Rescue Services as a local task
Integrated Risk Management Planning sets standards for a fire brigade’s performance in cities and counties. In Germany Integrated Risk Management Planning is a local task. Citizens therefore are represented by the city or county council and decide on desired level of protection as determent in the integrated Risk Management Plan.
An Integrated Risk Management Plan assesses the local fire brigade’s performance. It determines goals for the citizen’s protection.
According to (German) law cities and councils must have functioning fire and rescue services to fit local proportions. They have t able to save lives at any time. A Risk Management Plan defines the necessary security standard as determined by law and desired by the population. Thus, the local fire brigade receives requirements for fire protection. So called protection goals.
Risk analysis and protection goals
The security level is determined locally according to a risk analysis and so called protection goals. The county maps the local risk potential and assigns set scenarios to the corresponding hazards. Each planning scenario consist of:
- Emergency response: How fast do FRS have to arrive at the location in order to act efficiently?
- Functional strength: How much personnel does the fire brigade require on arrival to combat the scenario effectively?
- Technology: Which firefighting equipment (e.g. constructional fire protection, fire engines, technology, specific devices) are required to master the planning scenario?
With our analysis platform Premergency you can simulate a diverse quantity of planning scenarios and compare them to each other. This way you can create your Integrated Risk Management Plan simply with mouse click.
Desired condition of local fire protection
The desired condition of Risk Management Planning can now be derived of the assigned planning scenarios. Finally, only simultaneous damage events have to be assessed stochastically.
An example: Let’s assume the local fire brigade has reason to assume that, in a planning scenario for the local motorway, an efficient damage control can only be achieved by using at least 4000 liter of extinguishing water within the first 5 minutes after fire emergence. Thus, a possible solution could be to station a water tender vehicle near the motorway (reduced drive time). Similar thoughts can be made to plan functional strength. The possible simultaneousness of deployments (e.g. in larger cities) may require several vehicles and a larger functional strength.
Actual state of fire protection
The actual state for the fire brigade or fire prevention is usually derived from the current number of deployments and their development, the personnel (management and team) as well as technology (fire engines, constructional fire protection, devices)
Nevertheless, such an analysis on a local level consists of the total of firefighting (of the FRS) as well as measures for fire prevention.
Fire prevention here is based on the cooperation of administration (such as building authorities) and the fire brigade involved in building licenses. Fire prevention relies on given legislation.
In addition, throughout recent year expectations towards citizens, to contribute to their ow safety, are on the rise. For example, the ability to operate fire extinguishers.
The Integrated Risk Management Plan
Based on the risk analysis and the comparison between desired condition and actual state, organizational, personnel and technological measurements for the local fire brigade’s progress can be derived.